Reports Archive 2019

September, 2019

Theoretical and Applied Genetics, September 28, 2019
(2019), 0040-5752

The article can viewed here  

Abstract: Rouet, C., Lee, E.A., Banks, T. et al. Black spot, caused by Diplocarpon rosae, is one of the most serious foliar diseases of landscape roses that reduces the marketability and weakens the plants against winter survival. Genetic resistance to black spot (BS) exists and race-specific resistance is a good target to implement marker-assisted selection. High-density single nucleotide polymorphism-based genetic maps were created for the female parent of a tetraploid cross between ‘CA60’ and ‘Singing in the Rain’ using genotyping-by-sequencing following a two-way pseudo-testcross strategy. The female linkage map was generated based on 227 individuals and included 31 linkage groups, 1055 markers, with a length of 1980 cM. Race-specific resistance to four D. rosae races (5, 7, 10, 14) was evaluated using a detached leaf assay. BS resistance was also evaluated under natural infection in the field. Resistance to races 5, 10 and 14 of D. rosae and field resistance co-located on chromosome 1. A unique sequence of 32 bp in exon 4 of the muRdr1A gene was identified in ‘CA60’ that co-segregates with D. rosae resistance. Two diagnostic markers, a presence/absence marker and an INDEL marker, specific to this sequence were designed and validated in the mapping population and a backcross population derived from ‘CA60.’ Resistance to D. rosae race 7 mapped to a different location on chromosome 1.

Ontario horticulture research priority report 2019
July, 2019

Features

  • Edible horticulture
  • Ornamental horticulture
June, 2019

To support growers, Vineland has conducted a series of agronomic trials in 2017 and 2018 to better understand how to grow this crop efficiently. Results on spacing, days to maturity, harvesting, postharvesting and pest management have been compiled into an easy-to-read research update report.

May, 2019

Nature, May 17, 2019
Scientific Reports volume 9, Article number: 7522 (2019)   

The article can viewed here         

Abstract: H. Elsadr, S. Sherif, T. Banks, D. Somers & S. Jayasankar. Maturity date (MD), defined as the duration between the first calendar day of the year and maturity, and fruit development period (FDP), defined as the duration between full bloom and maturity, are highly variable in peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch]. There is a need to discover molecular markers associated with these traits in order to enhance the efficiency and reliability of breeding for extending the harvest season in peach. An association mapping population consisting of 132 peach accessions was phenotypically evaluated for MD and FDP, and genotypically characterized using the genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) approach. The phenotypic and genotypic data collected were used to conduct a genome-wide association study (GWAS). The GWAS identified three SNPs on chromosome 4 that are significantly associated with both FDP and MD. These three SNPs covered a region of 43,067 bp; we referred to this region as the MD/FDP locus. Seven genes were identified in the MD/FDP locus. One or more of these genes is believed to regulate some aspect of maturity in peach. The data reported here is expected to aid in marker-assisted seedling selection (MASS) targeted towards widening peach germplasm for maturity, particularly early maturity.