Compatibility of soil-dwelling predators and microbial agents and their efficacy in controlling soil-dwelling stages of western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis

Biological Control, January 2016, 92(92-100).
Click here to view the article

Abstract
Western flower thrips (WFT) generally pupate in the soil. This laboratory study was designed to examine the compatibility of soil-dwelling predators with microbial biocontrol agents and assess their combined efficacy against pupating WFT, with a view to their integrated use. The following commercially available biocontrol agents were evaluated: a rove beetle, Dalotia coriaria (Kraatz); predatory mites, Stratiolaelaps scimitus (Womersley) and Gaeolaelaps gillespiei Beaulieu; entomopathogenic fungi, Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschnikoff) Sorokin (now classified as Metarhizium brunneum) strain F52 and Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) GHA strain; and the nematode, Steinernema feltiae (Filipjev). Compatibility studies demonstrated mortality caused by the microbial agents ranging from 2.93% to 60.95% against the predators tested. In container studies, efficacy against WFT was significantly improved when the predators and fungi were combined, achieving >90% thrips mortality, compared to the treatments in which they were used separately. This was not observed with nematodes.

Posted on
This entry was posted in Reports and Publications.
Canadian Agricultural Partnerhsip
Ontario
Canada